Or how to properly micro your villagers so they work as efficient as possible


Where the telescope ends the microscope begins, and who can say which has the wider vision? – Victor Hugo

The truth is simple: the earlier in the game, the more important microing your economy is. The longer the game lasts, the more you must shift your focus to macro economy and spend more time microing your army. Now let’s see how to properly micro our villagers in the early ages.


Let’s start of with the easiest one: berries. Berries are a rather slow resource to gather, but they’re so easy and accessible that few buildups go without the luscious fruits of these bushes. The first thing to keep in mind is how many villagers you want to put on your berry bushes. If you want to go 4 villagers or less, you can safely build your mill so it touches as much berries as possible. When tasking your villagers, you then split your villagers so they’re paired on each side of the mill. This will result in a minimum amount of bumping (=villagers hindering each other) and a maximum amount of resources being collected.

This comes with an additional advantage too, because when your villagers are under attack, by a single scout for instance, they can fight together, whereas otherwise a villager alone may die a lot easier. If you’re expecting the enemy to drush, you can even anticipate more by locking in one of your villagers with your mill.

Recorded Game

You can see DauT using this simple trick in this very short, yet interesting match against Cyclops. Not only because DauT locks in his own villager, but the entire army Cyclops sent out on a lethal expedition! You might even think back on our good old boxing article.



Your first microing steps in a game are most of the times those woolly lamb chops. Microing sheep obviously starts out with finding your sheep. A swift circle around your TC and you should have found them out rather fast. Civs like the Spanish, Chinese, Mayans and Huns can even use a villager to help in the scouting process to make sure they get a kick-ass start. Why these civs?

Civ Explanation
They only need 2 villagers to build houses, the 3rd villager can scout
They can use all their villagers to scout and really depend on having a good start!
They can use 3 villagers for houses and the 4th one to scout
They don’t need to build houses so you can either chop some wood or scout for sheep

Once you gathered your sheep under the shadow of your town center, it’s time to slaughter them. One sheep at the time, because otherwise their meat would just rot away and we don’t want to waste such delicious lamb chops. Now, how many villagers do we need?

Civ Explanation
All 6, to keep villager production up
5 because of their sheep gathering bonus
6, but you can use 7 in case of severe lag so you don’t have to drop off resources the whole time
6, but if you had a bad start, 7 might be needed to recover for a little while

Now, what to do once a sheep is completely eaten? Your villagers will become idle for a little while and look around for the next sheep, but we don’t want that to happen, precious seconds in the growth or your empire are getting lost like this.

You can see the trick in the screenshots above: once a sheep is about to run out of food, bring another sheep close to your villagers and kill it already. Once the first sheep is depleted, all villagers will directly move to the new sheep and won’t lose too much time running around.


There’s actually 3 different ways of hunting deer:

  1. Mill them
  2. Hunt them
  3. Lure them

Milling is the easiest way to hunt deer, you build a mill somewhere in the center of the deer patch and eat them as you would eat sheep: one deer at the time and make sure to hunt the next deer in time so you don’t have idles.

You can also hunt them without a mill though. In this case you usually send out 2-4 villagers per deer and bring the meat back to the nearest dropsite. 3 villagers will carry 105/140 meat back home. Leaving the rest to rot. 4 villagers won’t let too much meat rot, but they won’t carry 35 meat each. 2 villagers is only recommended for Goths, if your buildup relies on deer at least.

Last but not least you can lure deer on maps like islands, team islands, migration and arena. Or in other words: maps where you don’t really need your scout that much in early ages. You can train your deer luring here.


There’s no skill in chopping wood? Sure there is! Okay, not too much, but a few little tricks can boost your wood income by a good percentage. First of all, woodcutting is subject to a lot of bumping. Villagers don’t carry a lot of wood and nearly any tactic requires a steady income of wood. So that’s a lot of villagers who run around a lot.

However, before we start to cut wood, we have to build a lumbercamp: the best position for this is as close to the forest as possible, while touching as many trees as possible.

One lumbercamp might not be enough to sustain a steady wood income though. Bumping becomes an issue around a crowded lumbercamp and before you know it, you have blocked villagers. If you have 10 villagers and you have 1 blocked villager all the time, that’s a decrease of 10%. Quite a bit for such dumb and avoidable issues. The easiest way to solve this is to build multiple lumbercamps and split your villagers evenly among them.

Last but not least, trees are depleted quite fast. And with every tree that hits the carpet, a villager must run a little bit further to knock down the next tree. So rebuilding your lumbercamps once in a while is a must to keep your villagers focused on their real task: cutting lumber instead of running around with lumber.


Yes, there are even smart ways to mine your stone! But the way is quite similar to the berry way: mining stone is usually not a massive activity, only a few villagers are needed and thus it might be smart to make your mining camp touch as many piles of stone as possible. If you’re going to put a lot of activity around your piles, then it’s better to position the mining camp so that as many villagers as possible have to run as less as possible.

This is also the rule of thumb for all resources actually.


Gold is actually the same as stone, except that you’ll probably want as many villagers as possible on a goldmine. So it’s best not to block too many possible gather points with your mining camp. The last picture in the previous paragraph demonstrates the perfect placement for a mining camp around a pile that will be heavily used. Also, do not hesitate to add a 2nd mining camp on the other side of the mine. If you’re Japanese you can do this a lot faster than other civs, even on berries if you want!


No, it really doesn’t matter where you put your fishing boats on a fishing spot. As you try to divide your boats among the available spots you’ll do fine in terms of efficiency. However, it’s important to notice the difference between shore fish and deep sea fish. Shore fish is gathered a lot slower by fishing boats, so it’s worth to scout the seas a bit and look for better sources. But to what extent? Well, 14 tiles.

A deep sea fish is more efficient than a shore fish if it’s no more than 14 tiles further than the shore fish.


Last but not least, a very important point has to be made about farm placement. Not only is it important to place your farms as close as possible to a drop site, but also its orientation towards the drop site is important. On the picture below you can see how farms really work:

First of all: villagers only gather food from the green part of the farm. The red part is just excess area that only creates a longer distance to walk. You can see how farms on the right of your town center/mill don’t suffer from this extra distance. To illustrate how big this difference is: if a farmer does about 20 trips for a single farm it means that the villager on the right side can do a walk around your town center to catch some fresh air before starting, and still finishing before the villager on the left side.

Does this mean we must only make farms on the right side of a mill/TC? No, but when you’re doing tight build ups, then every second can matter and it’s best to not waste them early on.

Written by Cysion

  • Ryan Strait

    Why would you kill a sheep with 1 villager when the other sheep is about to run out rather than just tasking all 6 vills to the next sheep immediately after the first one runs out? This does the same thing (stopping villager idle time) and is easier to pull off, even with lag.

    • ElNoniro

      This is cause of the kill animation. It is better when only 1 villager has “idle time” on killing the sheep animation, than 6 vils striking sheep and losing some time cause of the animation, It gives You little faster gathering speed, so You should do it.

      • Ryan Strait

        The killing animation time is so minimal that it is completely inconsequential. I’d rather have a couple extra food from the sheep than an extremely marginal gather rate advantage.

        • ElNoniro

          That’s your decision, and i understand it. Still, this “couple extra” food would be around 1-2 food, after 8 sheeps so this is Extremely Marginal overall food advantage. On the other hand, if You would go for animation cancelling trick – yeah it still will be marginal improvement, but all microeconomics tricks are marginal, don’t they? After 8 sheeps it should give u faster gather rate from 10 to max 16 food overall.
          That won’t win You a game, and most players will take that “animation trick time” to do something else, and i fully understand, cause this trick consumes some mind processing power :)

  • Steel_e


    Every time I watch a recorded game, the following message occours somewhere in the middle:

    Out of sync replaying game. Replaying stopped. – worldtime: 1052880


    • Skanderbeg

      you are using what version of the conquerors?

      • Steel_e

        Sorry 4 the late reply but now i know that i needed to patch my version and have successfully done so. ;)

        • aaquib khan

          please tell me also how to fix that problem….”out of sync replaying game. replaying stopped.”
          i use uninstalled aoe…(a copied folder)…which patch is needed and on which site would i get it. thankx

  • CarlosFerdinand

    You seem to have put a lot of effort and time to your theories and analysis in aoc, nice job.

    Its been a few months since i last visited this place and was hoping to see your article on goths, fu!

  • barbarossa89

    I’m glad someone else finally noticed farm placement. It bugs me that people just build a farm on whichever side of the TC or mill the villager is currently on. It would be more efficient to walk to the right side and make the farm there. Although, in the long run, it is better to have eight farms touching the TC than five semi-optimized farms blocking access to three more.

    This is just something I love to keep track of when booming, that no one else seems to notice. Placing farms is important, but placing them WELL is more important. It’s entirely worth it to take a little ore time to make sure your villager will be more efficient for a while to come.

    • _MariaN_

      I knew this fact all along… but I did always on the wrong side believing it is the right one 11

      • Ryan Strait

        LOL same 11

  • Fafner

    I think you confused with left and right..

    • http://www.cysion.be Cysion

      Hehe, fixed :)

  • _KillerBee_

    Cysion is a Genius of AOC

    • __As_GIO_Arg

      CYSION YOU ROX!! such a Smart guy and fan of AOC, also a Very nice person :)

  • _MariaN_